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Iqra Shahzadi
Aqna Malik
Sadia Munir
Mudassar Mazher
Ashfaq. Ul. Hassan
Muhammad Zafar Siddiq




Background: Hospital acquired infections (HAIs) also known as health-care associated infections (HCAIs) pose a significant public health concern worldwide. They might raise morbidity, mortality rates, and medical expenses. Patients are most likely to become infected while receiving medical care in hospitals. Little information available about impact of HAIs in developing countries. Objective: To assess the knowledge and adherence to practice about HAIs among HCPs. Methodology: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in public and private health sector including ABSH Gujrat, THQ Wazirabad, AL Raee Hospital and WIC from October 2023- January 2024. Prior approval was obtained from Institutional In charges of all mentioned hospitals. Hospital staff was briefed about the survey before questioning. Informed written consent was signed from staff.  A field-tested questionnaire was utilized to assess the knowledge and practices regarding nosocomial infections (HAIs). Students of Advanced Clinical Pharmacy II collected data via direct interview of HCPs under supervision of Clinical supervisor. Responses were recorded, spending 15-25 minutes on each HCP. Statistical analysis: One-way ANOVA was applied. Results: 44.7% were males and 55.3% females respectively. Majority of HCPs  113 (75.3%) depicted adequate level of knowledge and (95%) adherence to practice according to national guidelines. Conclusion: HCPs were well aware about HAIs. Depicted positive attitude towards infection control. Hospital experience was found to be one variable that impact the understanding of infection control procedures. In the practice of infection control, knowledge levels and adherence to practice guidelines of technicians, nurses and GPs was correlated.

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