A RETROSPECTIVE CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY TO ASSESS THE TREATMENT PATTERN AMONG THALASSEMIA PATIENT IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL; A SINGLE CENTRAL STUDY

Main Article Content

Alia Yousaf
Aqna Malik
Asim Raza
Iram Iqbal
Maham Irshad
Dr. Ashfaq Ul Hassan (Pharm-D) M.Phil.
Muhammad Zafar Siddiq

Keywords

Thalassemia, Deferiprone, Deferasirox, Desferoxamine, Holy Family Hospital, Treatment

Abstract

Background: Thalassemia characterized by a defect in the synthesis of haemoglobin (Hb) or its globin subunits. This study was conducted to evaluate the treatment pattern of thalassemia in public hospital.


Methodology: Retrospective study was conducted to assess thalassemia treatment pattern in Holy Family Hospital Rawalpindi, from September 2022 to December 2022. Total 430 registered thalassemia patients were included in this study. Data were collected and analyzed by using software SPSS version 24. 


Results: Participants included in this study have 1:1 of male and female. Among 430 participants, the majority of participants belonged to <3 age (years) group 219(50.9%). 322 (74.9%) belong to the rural areas, 11 (2.6%) were from elite background. 24 (5.6%) among partcipants belong to capital and 352(81.90) belong to Punjab. It was noticed that the consanguinity of the thalassemia was 306 (71.2%) of total cases, due to first cousin marriages. Type of thalassemia which was diagnosed in patients have different types in which, 31 (7.2%) were diagnosed with β-thalassemia minor, 308 (71.6%) β-thalassemia major, 85 (19.8%) homozygous β-thalassemia, 5 (1.2%) hemolytic anemia and 1 (0.2%) intermedia thalassemia. Among total 430 thalassemia patients, 427 (99.3%) received blood transfusion and 3 (0.7%) didn’t. 150 (34.9%) receive iron chelation therapy and 280 (65.1%) didn’t.  35 (8.1%) administered the iron antidote desferoxamine and 395 (91.9%) didn’t. 312 (72.6%) took iron chelator deferasirox and 118 (27.4%) didn’t. 85 (19.8%) were advised folic acid, 81 (18.8%) were advised calcium supplement, 10 (2.3%) thalassemia patient taking vitamin supplement, Deferiprone is an iron chelator that was 17 (4.0%) prescribed to the patients, 2 (0.5%) were taking ceclor (antibiotic), 2 (0.5%) advised Hepa-Merz which is used as a supportive therapy in liver disease, 1 (0.2%) patient taking Aceclofenac which is a non-steroidal agent,1(0.2%) patient was taking Ondansetron, 2 (0.5%) were advised Hydroxyurea, used in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).


Conclusion: Each patient should have a medical file with precise documentation of blood transfusion requirements, iron chelation therapy requirements and CBC, haemophilia, electrophoresis monitoring, and transfusion reactions. Patients and relatives should be informed about thalassemia. Before getting married, couples should do a quick blood test to check for thalassemia to see if they are carriers or not.

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