Main Article Content

Amina Mashal
Aqna Malik
Asim Raza
Hajra Razzaq
Dr. Ashfaq. Ul. Hassan
Chanda Ashraf
Muhammad Zafar Siddiq
Ayan Asim
Jazba Bashir


Keywords: Gynecology, low back pain, dysmenorrhea, Vaginal discharge, Pre-eclampsia


Objective: The objective of the study was to determine various gynecological problems and

association with age and BMI in working females with reproductive age.

Design: An observational cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess the various gynecological problems in working females with reproductive age.

Sample The questionnaire was filled out by 408 participants using a non-probability convenient sampling technique from October 2022 to January 2023.

Setting: The sample was collected from different educational institutes, hospitals, and working places in Gujranwala division, Punjab, Pakistan.

Methods: Individual interviews were conducted to fill out the questionnaire. SPSS version 25 was used for analysis.

Results: Among total 408 participants, 244(60%) participants were experiencing lower back pain, 213(52%) participants were suffering from dysmenorrhea, 176(44%) participants have vaginal discharge issue and 197(48%) participants experienced pre-eclampsia.

Main Outcome measure: A statistical significant difference with p≤0.005 was found among demographic, LBP, dysmenorrhea, vaginal discharge and pre-eclampsia variables. LBP, dysmenorrhea, vaginal discharge and pre-eclampsia were strongly associated with age whereas BMI was seen to be strongly associated with LBP.

Conclusion: On the basis of outcomes, it is concluded that most prevalent gynecological problems ranked as LBP followed by dysmenorrhea, pre-eclampsia and vaginal discharge respectively. Dysmenorrhea and vaginal discharge had negative effect on daily working. Majority of participants were unaware about pre-eclampsia. They should be provided awareness regarding gynecological problems and its management.

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