IDENTIFICATION AND PREVALENCE RATE OF PARASITIC INFECTION IN PATIENTS AT PIMS HOSPITAL ISLAMABAD PAKISTAN.

Main Article Content

Sarab Jeet Singh
Asad Ullah
Tayyaba Habib
Shaista Jabeen
Fawad khalid
Muhammad Kashif habib
Nouman Zafar
Sania Gharsheen
Habiba Inayat

Keywords

Risk factors, Intestinal, parasitic infection

Abstract

Parasite infection is reported as a leading cause of non-bacterial gastroenteritis (stomach and intestinal tract infection causing vomiting and diarrhea) particularly among infants and young children globally. The condition of human in which intestinal tract infected by parasite is called intestinal parasite infection. The Purpose of the current study is to identify the frequency rate of gastrointestinal disease patients having IP (intestinal parasitic) infection, their associated risk factors, and clinical observation. In the current study total 335 patients of both genders with symptoms of acute gastroenteritis were selected at PIMS hospital Islamabad Pakistan from 1st January 2021 to 15 December 2021. There were 230 (55.32%) patients were male, 105(44.68%) patients were females. 88(37.45%) patients were aged of <24 years, in which 38 patients was having IP infection.102(43.40%) were aged between 25 to 49 years, in which 26 patients found IP infected, and 45 (19.15%) having age above than 49 years, in which 26 patients having IP infections. 235 (57.45%) patients were literate, in which 45% having IP infections and 100 (42.55%) were illiterate, in which 55% having IP infections. IP (Intestinal parasites) was observed in 90 patients, in which, type of Eba_H (entamoeba histolytica) parasite was mostly found in 30(12.77%). Patients having monthly income <25,000 rupees had the highest prevalence of IP infection 41.42%.  There were 230 (56.32%) patients were male, 105(46.68%) patients were females. 137(37.45%) patients were aged of <24 years, in which 73 patients was having IP infection.113(43.40%) were aged between 25 to 49 years, in which 36 patients found IP infected, and 47 (21.15%) having age above than 49 years, in which 33 patients having IP infections. 139 (58.45%) patients were literate, in which 47% having IP infections and 117 (44.55%) were illiterate, in which 58% having IP infections. IP (Intestinal parasites) was observed in 113 patients, in which, type of Eba_H (entamoeba histolytica) parasite was mostly found in 41(12.77%). Patients having monthly income <41,000 rupees had the highest prevalence of IP infection 48.42%.


Conclusion: Significant association of parasitic intestinal infection was found in patients with diarrhea and dysentery in different ages, educational status, and monthly income.

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