NATURAL HERBAL PRODUCTS FOR MANAGEMENT OF DERMATITIS: A REVIEW

Main Article Content

Tanvi Patel
Vaidehi Gurjar
Dr. Pragnesh Patani

Keywords

Dermatitis, Tulsi, Aloe Vera, Turmeric, Neem

Abstract

Dermatitis is a skin inflammation characterized by erythema and discomfort. Allergies, irritants, a hyperactive immune system, and heredity cause it. There are four types of dermatitis: contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and nummular dermatitis. Contact dermatitis is a rash caused by direct contact with a specific substance, while atopic dermatitis is a persistent, itchy skin disorder-affecting individual with asthma, high fevers, and a family history of these conditions. Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic condition characterized by scaly, flaky, itchy, and red skin. Nummular dermatitis is a coin-shaped rash and inflammation characterized by small blisters, scabs, and scales. Causes include bacterial or fungal infection, open sores and lesions, Neurodermatitis, permanent darkening or discoloration of the skin, HIVs, and rapid edema swelling. Atopic dermatitis is caused by impaired skin barrier, nervous system imbalance, immune dysfunction, stress, excessive hygiene, environmental pollution, and family history. Seborrheic dermatitis increases excitability of the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract disease, hormonal disorders, and Hypovitaminosis of vitamin A, vitamin C, and biotin. Dermatitis affects various parts of the body, including hands, elbows, neck, knees, ankles, feet, around the eyes, and scalp. The etiology of dermatitis is the skin's inflammatory response, which can cause erythema, vesicles, pruritus, continuous irritation, scratching, long-term irritation, and thickening of the skin. Treatment involves preventing local irritation, using non-prescription skin lotion, applying cool, wet dressings, and applying anti-pruritics and corticosteroids. Herbal plants used in treating dermatitis include Tulsi, Aloe Vera, and Neem. Tulsi contains fresh and dried leaves of Ocimum sanctum, which contains volatile oil and flavonoids. Aloe Vera is the dried juice collected from the bases of various species of Aloe, which contains crystalline Alvin isomers, and is used to help with skin irritation, sunburn, and inflammation. Neem, consisting of fresh or dried leaves and seed oil, has nimosterol, quercetin, Azadirachata, salanin, meliantrol, meliacin. Neem oil is used in cosmetic products, bulking agents, and special purpose foods for diabetics. In traditional Indian medicine, a neem root decoction is consumed to treat fever

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