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Hafeez Ullah
Zahid Rehman
Abid Hussain
Syeda Amber Hameed
Reema Bughio
Junaid Farooq
Zainab lanjar
Abdul Waheed khan
Ghulam Mustafa Solangi
Syed Meesam Raza
Habibullah Janyaro


CDK1, HNSC, Biomarker, prognosis


This study comprehensively analyzes the expression, promoter methylation, mutational, and survival status of CDK1 in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSC) using various bioinformatics tools. Utilizing the UALCAN database, significant up-regulation of CDK1 expression is observed in HNSC tissues compared to normal controls, suggesting a potential role of CDK1 in HNSC proliferation. Concurrently, promoter methylation analysis reveals hyper-methylation of CDK1 in HNSC samples, indicating possible epigenetic dysregulation contributing to oncogenesis. Further investigation stratified by clinical parameters, including cancer stages, patient demographics, and age, unveils diverse relationships between CDK1 expression and these variables, underscoring its complex role in HNSC pathogenesis. Survival analysis utilizing the Km plotter tool demonstrates that higher CDK1 expression is associated with poorer overall survival rates among HNSC patients, indicating its potential as a prognostic biomarker. Additionally, mutational analysis using the cBioPortal platform reveals a low mutation rate in HNSC samples, with observed genetic alterations primarily consisting of amplifications and missense mutations. These findings collectively provide insights into the involvement of CDK1 in HNSC progression, highlighting its potential as a diagnostic and prognostic marker and emphasizing the need for further research to elucidate its exact mechanistic role in HNSC oncogenesis.

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