COVID-19 KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS: A STEP FOR CONTROL PRIOR TO THE PANDEMIC INVASION IN MALAKAND REGION, PAKISTAN

Main Article Content

Wali Khan
Aziz Ur Rahman
Zainab Qazi
Shah Zeb
Waheed Ali Panhwar
Fouzia Naseer
Yousef Abdal Jalil Fadladdin
Mashael Abdullah Aldamigh
Rizwan Ullah

Keywords

COVID-2019, Control measurements, Community involvement, Global health importance, Preventive measurements

Abstract

Background: Prior to invasion of the pandemic it was necessary to aware the people about the hazardousness and prevention of the diseases.


Aims: Knowledge and awareness of the general masses towards the prevention of COVID- 2019 were evaluated before the invasion of the pandemic in the region.


Methodology: The respondents participated in urban and rural areas voluntarily. The responses of the respondents were calculated as frequencies and percentages in both areas. The association of the respondents was tested by the Chi-Square test. P value less than 0.05% at 95% CI was considered significant.


Results: A total of 330 (n=199 urban and 131=rural) participants were included. The results revealed that practices for control had a significant association with ensuring social distancing; washing hands regularly with soap or sanitizers; avoiding touching mouth, eyes, and nose by covering nose and mouth with tissue paper during coughing or sneezing; disposing of tissue paper after use it; avoid routine activities and quarantining when infected /or suspected (P< 0.0001). Sources of information were also significantly related (0.0023). The novel coronavirus pandemic 2019 has spread globally. The people, religious scholars, leaders, and government agencies should organize programs for prevention and control, hence, the chances of the spread of COVID-19 were increasing.


Conclusions: It was concluded that this study will help in mobilization of local people and motivating local leadership with the active involvement of governmental and non-governmental organizations for the control of CoVID-19 on time.

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