CUTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF COVID-19

Main Article Content

Maha Rahim Qureshi
Ashok Kumar
Dev Anand
Sanam
FNU Anam
Dr. Lareb Gul
Dr. Ugal Kishore
Dr. Muhammad Ayoob Memon
FNU Partab
Mohsin Ali
Sona Kumari

Keywords

COVID-19, Patients, Manifestation, Lesions

Abstract

Background: Cutaneous manifestations have been increasingly recognized as potential symptoms of COVID-19. Understanding the spectrum of dermatological findings associated with COVID-19 can aid in early recognition, diagnosis, and appropriate management of affected individuals. This structural abstract provides a concise overview of the cutaneous manifestations observed in patients with COVID-19.


Methods: A comprehensive review of published literature and relevant studies was conducted using electronic databases. The search included articles reporting on cutaneous manifestations associated with COVID-19. Data regarding the types of skin lesions, their clinical presentations, and their temporal relationship to COVID-19 were extracted and analyzed.


Results: A total of 100 studies met the inclusion criteria, encompassing a substantial number of COVID-19 patients with cutaneous manifestations. The analysis revealed a diverse range of skin lesions, including erythematous maculopapular rashes, vesicular eruptions, urticaria, livedo reticularis, and acral lesions such as chilblain-like lesions and vesicular-pustular eruptions. Some lesions demonstrated a characteristic distribution pattern, such as the acral distribution observed in COVID-19-associated chilblain-like lesions. The timing of skin manifestations varied, with some occurring before, during, or after the onset of respiratory symptoms.


Conclusion: Cutaneous manifestations are increasingly recognized as potential markers of COVID-19. Dermatological findings can serve as valuable clinical clues in identifying and managing individuals with COVID-19, particularly in the absence of typical respiratory symptoms. Healthcare providers should be aware of the various skin manifestations associated with COVID-19 and consider them in the diagnostic workup of suspected cases. Further research is needed to elucidate the underlying mechanisms and determine the clinical significance of these cutaneous manifestations in COVID-19 patients.

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