A STUDY ON TRIGGERS OF MIGRAINE AND QUALITY OF LIFE OF MIGRAINE PATIENTS

Main Article Content

L. Surjeeth Basha
Ashok Kumar
Cindy Jose

Keywords

Triggers, Quality of life Migraine

Abstract

Our study delved into the complex realm of migraine, an extensive and disabling neurological condition, with a dual focus on uncovering its triggers and evaluating the quality of life (QoL) experienced by patients. We recruited migraine patients aged 16 years and above, excluding individuals with co-morbidities or undergoing cancer-related treatments, resulting in a cohort of 200 participants, among whom 78.5% were female and 21.5% were male, primarily concentrated (32.5%) in the 26-35 age group. A notable 56.6% had a familial history of migraine. Of the 190 patients encountering pain, 61.05% reported severe headache intensification triggered by noise, and 56.84% by exposure to light. The study identified several significant triggers, including emotional stress (97.5%), physical exertion (64.5%), traveling (55.5%), sleep deprivation (55%), missed meals (63.5%), and weather change (69%). Assessment via the MIDAS questionnaire highlighted that over 69.5% of patients experienced moderate to severe disability due to migraine, while WHOQOL-Bref data indicated a notably poor QoL among these individuals. Our findings underscore the substantial impact of migraine on the lives of sufferers, emphasizing the pressing need for tailored counseling and robust psychological support to augment treatment efficacy. This comprehensive understanding of triggers and their consequent effects underscores the importance of personalized care to alleviate the considerable burden endured by individuals grappling with migraine.

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