ASSOCIATION OF HEPATITIS B AND C WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS

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Tufail Ahmad
Rashid Ahmad
Zakir Ullah
Shahab Alam
Tooba wajid
Abrar Khan
Shahin shah khan

Keywords

Hepatitis C, Hepatitis V, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract

Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver, it may be caused by one of several viruses but is often caused by exposure to certain chemicals, autoimmune diseases, or viral infection. For more than two decades, it has been considered that diabetes mellitus has been associated with chronic liver disease (HBV and HCV). To prove this hypothesis, our study was aimed to evaluate the association of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (Type 2DM) in patients suffering from Hepatitis B or C virus. Recognizing the susceptible age for the association of type 2DM with hepatitis and difference of gender was also evaluated.  The data of one year (March 2021-March 2022) of 330 patients (HBV and HCV) was taken from Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar for survey. Among these 93 (28.18%) patients were HBV positive, whereas 237 (71.82%) were HCV positive, from the studied cases. Amongst the HBV patients, 18 (19.3%) were associated with type 2DM. However, in HCV patients, 54 (22.7%) were associated with type 2DM. Higher association of Hepatitis B with diabetes was found in male patients, whereas in case of association of type 2DM with Hepatitis C, the ratio of male and female patients was almost equal. Most of the patients (HBV and HCV) associated with type 2DM were above 40 years of age.

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