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Muhammad Shahzad Zafar, Muhammad Naeem Khan, Prof. Dr. Anurag Rawat, Dr. Jaweria Shaheen, Nuuseey, Atta Ur Rehman
Tariq Rafique
Nosheen Akhtar
Rabia Taj
Almas Faryal Nizam


Angina pectoris, beta-blockers, ischemic, cardiovascular and heart disease


Beta-blockers are used to treat several illnesses, including arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, and others, as well as to avoid these conditions. Patients who are diagnosed with ischemic heart disease usually report experiencing angina pectoris, which is a form of the condition that is fundamentally significant. The modified Delphi method was utilized in order to assess the level of consensus among specialists about the therapeutic appropriateness of utilizing beta-blockers for the treatment of angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and cardiac arrhythmias in a variety of clinical practice settings. A first panel of fifteen claims was offered by the CE, which was based on the data that was found in the literature as well as his personal clinical experience. The CS then put these assertions to a vote. Because of their efficacy in preventing and treating recurrent angina and ischemic episodes, as well as the arrhythmias that accompany them, beta-blockers are a staple of pharmacological therapy for persons who suffer from ischemic heart disease.

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