Effects of alternate nostril breathing exercise on cardiac functions in healthy young adults leading a stressful lifestyle

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Iffat Jahan https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0551-3609
Momtaz Begum https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4224-4906
Shahin Akhter https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4703-7623
Zakirul Islam https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3153-1333
Mainul Haque https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6124-7993
Nusrat Jahan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8420-8196


alternate nostril, nose, breathing exercise, ANB, cardiac function, healthy young adults, Chattogram Medical College, CMC


Alternate nostril breathing (ANB) is one of the best and easiest breathing exercises. ANB exercise has beneficial effects on cardiac function in healthy and diseased people. The objectives of this study were to assess the effects of ANB exercise on cardiac physiology among healthy medical students. This was a prospective interventional study that was conducted in the Department of Physiology, Chittagong Medical College (CMC), Chattogram, Bangladesh, from July 2017 to June 2018. A total of 100 research participants (RPs) aged 18–20 years, Year-I medical students of CMC, were selected. A simple random sampling method was adopted. The selection was done after the inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied. The age and body mass index (BMI) of the RPs were analogous in both the control and experimental groups. Cardiac parameters, like pulse and blood pressure (BP), were measured. The initial baseline data were recorded for both groups and after 4 weeks. The research respondents of the experimental group performed ANB exercise for 4 weeks. The mean value pulse and BP were significantly (p < 0.001) changed after breathing exercise, compared to the values before the breathing exercise. The results of this study suggest that cardiac function significantly improves after the breathing exercise. Therefore, ANB can be recommended for increasing cardiac efficiency.

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