PREVALENCE OF PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN AMONG YOUNG ADULTS WITH QUADRICEPS TIGHTNESS

Main Article Content

Kirran Sikandar Gondal
Mishmal Ameer
Aneeqa Farooq
Abdullah Warad
Huma Tabassum
Muhammad Ali

Keywords

patellofemoral, quadriceps tightness, knee pain, Runner’s knee

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this research was to find out the prevalence of patellofemoral pain (PFP) among young adults with quadriceps tightness


Methods: An observational research was carried out on a total of 160 participants in Sargodha, Punjab in Pakistan with a focus on individuals aged 16 to 35 years. Participants from diverse backgrounds were included, and PFP diagnosis was established through clinical examination during specific functional activities. The Pain Numerical Scale and a questionnaire on personal and medical history as well as lifestyle choices were used to compile the data. The SPSS 26 statistical software was used for the analysis.


Results: The research found almost balanced gender distribution, with 51.9% men and 48.1% females. Participants aged 23 and 24 showed the greatest frequency of PFP with quadriceps tightness. Physical activity was prevalent among 74.4% of participants. 33.8% experienced discomfort in their left knee, 36.9% in their right knee, and 29.4% in both knees. 37.5% of participants reported experiencing pain for more than three months. Some activities, like jogging or climbing stairs, were linked to an increased risk of discomfort. Thigh pain during activities varied, with 41.9% during bending the knee and 26.9% during running. According to the Pain Numerical Scale, 26.3% of people expressed having no pain at all, 70.0 % felt moderate pain, and 3.8 % felt extreme pain.


Conclusion: The results of this research highlight valuable insight into the frequency and causes of quadriceps tightness among adults. The results demonstrated the necessity for individualized therapies targeting particular activities and risk factors to reduce pain and improve the quality of life for people with PFP. More research is needed to better understand the causes of PFP and develop effective interventions for a wide range of people.

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