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Syed Ahsan Ali Shah
Dr. Vanessa Owiredu
Abhijeet Kumar
Amgad Samir Abdelmageed Mohamed Elfeki
Ahmed Samir Abdelmageed Mohamed Elfiki
Faryal Tariq
Zacarius William Seit
Shams Almallah
Mohammad Alhajri


bispecific antibodies, multiple myeloma, clinical trials, relapsed refractory, immunosuppressive microenvironment


This study comprehensively evaluates the efficacy and safety of bispecific antibodies (BiAbs). While in the treatment of relapsed refractory, multiple myeloma (RRMM) through an analysis of clinical trials of Phase I, Phase II, and Phase III. Despite significant progress with established therapies, the challenges of RRMM persist. Also, it necessitates innovative approaches. BiAbs, with their unique capacity to engage dual antigens, show promise in overcoming the complexities of MM. Moreover, it also overcomes immunosuppressive microenvironment. The current study elucidates the key mechanisms of action, including T-cell activation. It covers the induction of tumor cell apoptosis, highlighting the transformative potential of BiAbs. While comparing with established therapies, such as chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapies and anti-CD38 monoclonal antibodies. That situates BiAbs within the evolving MM treatment landscape. Thud encourages outcomes from ongoing trials demonstrate deep responses with a favorable safety profile. And its positioning BiAbs as a pivotal addition to RRMM therapeutics. Hence, the synthesis of Phase I-III trial findings provides valuable insights, guiding future research towards optimizing efficacy and safety. it ultimately enhances patient outcomes in the challenging realm of relapsed refractory multiple myeloma.

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