“TO STUDY THE PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS OF CHRONIC SUPPURATIVE OTITIS MEDIA IN PATIENTS AT A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE, UTTAR PRADESH”.

Main Article Content

Deepak Kumar
Reyazul Janat
Sanjay Nigam
Nashra Afaq
Nusrat Nabi
Firoza Bano
Madhu Yadav

Keywords

CSOM, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Tubotympanic, Atticoantral

Abstract

Introduction: Otitis media is an inflammation of the middle ear cleft with or without intact tympanic membrane. It is known to be one of the most common childhood infections and a leading reason for antibiotic prescriptions in the developed world. The global burden of CSOM varies between 1 and 46%. A prevalence of 4% or greater indicates a public health problem that needs urgent attention.


Aim and Objective: To determine the prevalence and identify the role played by various associated factors responsible for onset of CSOM and its subtypes leading to hearing loss in the Uttar Pradesh, Indian population.


Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study carried out in the ENT Department and the Microbiology Department at a tertiary care centre, Uttar Pradesh  for a period of 1 year. All the patients that were diagnosed with chronic suppurative otitis media from January 2023 to December 2023were included.


Results: In the present study a total of 2300 patients visited the ENT OPD were included out  of which 189 cases were diagnosed of having CSOM were studied. The prevalence of CSOM was reported to be 8.2%. Majority of the cases were in the 11 - 15 years age group, i.e., 51.9 %. It was also noted that Tubotympanic type was the most commonly reported and accounted for 125 (66.13) whereas Atticoantral type was 64(33.8 %). It was observed that most of the CSOM cases presented with upper respiratory tract infection were 44.44 %.


Conclusion:  Improvement in socioeconomic status and health-care facilities is  helpful in reducing the prevalence of CSOM. Creating awareness among the rural community against the ear disease through teachers, guardians, students and community health workers, and motivating the rural community to visit the nearest health-care facility for any ear-related problems in future.

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