“TO STUDY THE PREVALENCE OF MALARIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ITS SOCIO-ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, UTTAR PRADESH”.

Main Article Content

Awadhesh Kumar
Kamlesh Kumar
Amit Kumar Singh
Ritika Tiwari
Deepak Kumar
Nashra Afaq
Chinmoy Sahu

Keywords

Socio-economic profile, Plasmodium falciparum, Febrile illness, Prevalence

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Malaria imposes great socio-economic burden on humanity, and with six other diseases (diarrhea, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, measles, hepatitis B, and pneumonia), accounts for 85% of global infectious disease burden. In many parts of India and the Indian subcontinent, malaria is highly prevalent. Plasmodium parasites are the causative agent of malaria. It continues to be a global public health concern around the world.


 AIM AND OBJECTIVE:  To find out the prevalence of malaria related to its socio-economic determinants of patients in a tertiary care hospital of  Uttar Pradesh.


 METHEDOLOGY: This was a  hospital based cross-sectional study carried out in the Department of Microbiology  during the monsoon and post monsoon of the year from 1st July to 31st December at Career institute of Medical Sciences & Hospital, Lucknow.  A total of 395 blood samples were collected from patients having febrile illness along with their Socio-economic profile. The suspected cases was tested for the seriological test.  Diagnosis was confirmed by suitable laboratory tests after exhaustive clinical examination.


RESULTS: In the present study  out of  the 395 blood samples, 85 (21.5%) were positive for Malaria. Among them Plasmodium falciparum (78.8%) was more commonly associated. The infection rate was higher in males (67%) as compared to the females (32.9%) and in patients aged > 10 years (48.2%). It was also observed that he high rate of infection was seen among the patients belong to lower class (70.5%) of rural areas(36.4%).


 CONCLUSION: This study reveals a better understanding of the association of various risk factors that influence the incidence of malaria is required to design and/or deploy effective policies and strategies for malaria elimination. When prioritising clinical and diagnostic workup and starting the appropriate empirical and supportive therapy, doctors are guided by their understanding of the local aetiology of AUFI

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