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Sughran Khatoon
Pooja Kumari
Zoya Mehran
Ibrahim Asghar
Aisha Shaikh
Saira Fatima


Fibroadenoma, Breast Lumps, Ultrasound, Cancer, Breast Disorders


Background: Breast cancer is a global health concern, with rising incidence in developing countries due to factors like increased life expectancy and Western lifestyle adoption, necessitating effective differentiation of benign and malignant breast lumps. Fibroadenoma, a common benign lesion, often affecting women aged 20 to 35, underscores the importance of early detection and management in breast health.

Objective: The main objective of study was to determine the frequency of fibroadenoma in patients presenting with breast lumps.

Methodology: The study, employing a descriptive cross-sectional design, transpired at the Outpatient Department of General Surgery, Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical University (SMBBMU) in Larkana, Pakistan, over a six-month period from October 25, 2019, to April 24, 2020, following approval of the synopsis. Rigorous observations and examinations were conducted, encompassing a detailed history of signs and symptoms. During surgical procedures, specimens were collected and sent to the laboratory for assessing the primary variable, fibroadenoma. Data collected were meticulously entered into the provided proforma, electronically utilized for research purposes.

Results: In this study, 151 patients were examined to assess fibroadenoma in those presenting with breast lumps. The mean age was 24.2±5.1 years, with a 95% confidence interval of 23.37 to 25.02. The mean weight was 68.5±8.4 kg (95% CI: 67.14 to 69.85), the mean height was 1.59±0.87 meters (95% CI: 1.45 to 1.72), and the mean body mass index was 26.8±5.7 kg/m2 (95% CI: 25.88 to 27.71). Surgical site distribution revealed 43.7% (n=66) on the right side and 56.3% (n=85) on the left side. Fibroadenoma was documented in 35.1% (n=53) of patients.

Conclusion: In conclusion, fibroadenoma emerged as a prevalent benign breast disorder in women with breast lumps. This highlights the need for proactive measures, such as the implementation of breast screening programs, to enhance early detection and management.

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