COMPARISON OF INCIDENCE OF POSTOPERATIVE STERNOTOMY SURGICAL SITE INFECTIONS AND IMPACT OF SUTURE TYPE (ABSORBABLE OR NON-ABSORBABLE) ON ITS FREQUENCY

Main Article Content

Raja Umer Ejaz
Brig Nasir
Amna Akbar

Keywords

Surgical site infections, SSIs, 4-0 Vicryl, Prolene, elective surgeries

Abstract

Introduction: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are associated with adverse outcomes in cardiac surgery patients and sutures can get infected at the surgery table. Median sternotomy is a delicate procedure carrying high risk of SSIs. It is important to study SSIs associated with types of sutures used in sternotomy procedure.


Methodology: To compare the incidence of SSIs associated with type of suture, Prolene was used in one and 4-0 Vicryl in the second group (each n=33) and data was analyzed prospectively over a six-month period. Only elective procedures were included, and the data was analyzed on SPSS version 25.0. 


Results: Females comprised 36.4% of study population of mean age of 51.18 years. A total of 11 cases of infection were reported out of which 7 cases belonged to Prolene group.


Conclusion: The number of infections in 4-0 Vicryl group was lesser than the Prolene group indicating the safety of the Vicryl material.

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