EXAMINING SLEEP PATTERNS AND OBESITY IN MEDICAL COLLEGE STUDENTS: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW"

Main Article Content

Tazyeen Fatima
Anjali Gupta
Anju Sharma
Asha Gandhi
Jay Prakash Singh Rajput

Keywords

leptin, ghrelin, sleep, sleep quality, obesity

Abstract

Purpose of review: This review summarizes the most recent research, focused on studies involving college student that connects inadequate sleep length and quality to obesity.


Recent findings: Epidemiological research and published and unpublished health assessment surveys indicate that since 1980, the prevalence of obesity has doubled globally. One in ten adults in 2008 were fat, with women being more likely than males to be obese. A trend toward    shorter sleep duration has mirrored the obesity epidemic. Another common problem is the lack of sleep, which is caused by poor sleep quality. Short sleep duration and poor sleep quality are becoming risk factors for the onset of obesity, according to growing evidence from both laboratory and epidemiological studies.


Summary: A lack of sleep has been linked to metabolic and endocrine changes, including decreased glucose tolerance, decreased insulin sensitivity, increased evening cortisol concentrations, increased levels of ghrelin, decreased levels of leptin, and increased hunger and appetite. Sleep is a key regulator of neuroendocrine function and glucose metabolism. Recent epidemiological and laboratory data support earlier findings that a lack of sleep increases the risk of obesity.

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