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Rabia Karim
Saman Junaid
Muhammad Farhan Tabassum
Aqsa Shamim Ahmed
Saadia Hassan
Maryam Iqbal


Athletic Performance, Masculinity, Femininity, Neutrality, Bem Sex Role Inventory, Wolanin Scale of Performance


This study investigates the relationship between gender role identity and athletic performance among a diverse sample of 200 athletes representing various sports disciplines. The Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) was employed to assess gender role identity, categorizing participants into masculine, feminine, and neutral groups based on their scores. Athletic performance was measured using the Wolanin Scale of Performance. The study found significant correlations between gender role identity and athletic performance. Specifically, masculinity exhibited a strong positive correlation with athletic performance, highlighting the influence of traditionally masculine traits on sports success. Contrary to common stereotypes, femininity did not demonstrate any substantial impact on athletic performance. Of particular interest was the positive influence of neutrality, suggesting that athletes who exhibit a balance of both masculine and feminine traits tend to perform better. These findings challenge traditional gender norms and underscore the need for more inclusive approaches in sports coaching and training. Future research should explore the underlying mechanisms behind these relationships to inform more effective strategies for athlete development and performance enhancement.

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