Sources of Stress and Well-Being among Saudi Arabian undergraduate dental Students Sources of Stress and Well-Being: Arabian dental Students

Main Article Content

Amjad Mohammed Almutairi
Munirah Habib M. Almimoni
Sarah Fahad N. Dhwi
Abdullah Alassaf
Basim Almulhim
Sara Alghamdi
Sreekanth Kumar Mallineni

Keywords

dental student, education, psychology, stress, well-being

Abstract

The study aimed to evaluate the sources of stress and well-being among  Arabian dental undergraduate students. The online questionnaire containing three domains, sociodemographic, dental environmental scale-39, and WHO well-being scale-6, were sent to dental undergraduate students across Saudi Arabia. A scale ranging from 0 (not stressful) to 5 (highly stressful). The achieved stress scores were compared using SPSS version 17.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, USA) with a p-value of ≤0.05 of a significant level.  Five hundred and ninety-nine participants from 25 dental schools in Saudi Arabia were involved in the state study sample majority were males, 57.9% (347), and thirty percent of the participants were interns. The mean DES stress scores for females and males were 3.42±0.81 and 3.2±0.8, respectively (p>0.05). The mean DES stress scores for 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and interns were 2.96±0.19, 3.15±1.1, 3.14±0.81, 3.45±0.77, 3.45±0.8.and 3.9842±0.72 (p<0.05). Females dental students 3.06±0.88reported with higher stress scores for the living accommodation DES domain than the males (2.93±0.77) (p<0.05). Males 3.02±1.02reported with a more increased well-being index compared to females (2.67±0.94) with non-statistical significant (p>0.05). Third-year dental students (3.05±0.93) scored higher on well-being, while first-year students scored low (2.34±0.80). An association was found between first-year perceived stress and well-being scores among the study population for living accommodation, personal, and academic factors (p<0.05). Within the study's limitations, Saudi dental undergraduate students had high levels of perceived stress. Among them, female students were more stressed about living accommodations than males. Fifth-year students are more stressed compared to another year dental undergraduate students. Dental undergraduate students attending dental schools' well-being is associated with living accommodation, personal factors, and academic work in Saudi Arabia.


 


 

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