Sources of Stress and Well-Being among Saudi Arabian undergraduate dental Students Sources of Stress and Well-Being: Arabian dental Students

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Amjad Mohammed Almutairi
Munirah Habib M. Almimoni
Sarah Fahad N. Dhwi
Abdullah Alassaf
Basim Almulhim
Sara Alghamdi
Sreekanth Kumar Mallineni


dental student, education, psychology, stress, well-being


The study aimed to evaluate the sources of stress and well-being among  Arabian dental undergraduate students. The online questionnaire containing three domains, sociodemographic, dental environmental scale-39, and WHO well-being scale-6, were sent to dental undergraduate students across Saudi Arabia. A scale ranging from 0 (not stressful) to 5 (highly stressful). The achieved stress scores were compared using SPSS version 17.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, USA) with a p-value of ≤0.05 of a significant level.  Five hundred and ninety-nine participants from 25 dental schools in Saudi Arabia were involved in the state study sample majority were males, 57.9% (347), and thirty percent of the participants were interns. The mean DES stress scores for females and males were 3.42±0.81 and 3.2±0.8, respectively (p>0.05). The mean DES stress scores for 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and interns were 2.96±0.19, 3.15±1.1, 3.14±0.81, 3.45±0.77, 3.45±0.8.and 3.9842±0.72 (p<0.05). Females dental students 3.06±0.88reported with higher stress scores for the living accommodation DES domain than the males (2.93±0.77) (p<0.05). Males 3.02±1.02reported with a more increased well-being index compared to females (2.67±0.94) with non-statistical significant (p>0.05). Third-year dental students (3.05±0.93) scored higher on well-being, while first-year students scored low (2.34±0.80). An association was found between first-year perceived stress and well-being scores among the study population for living accommodation, personal, and academic factors (p<0.05). Within the study's limitations, Saudi dental undergraduate students had high levels of perceived stress. Among them, female students were more stressed about living accommodations than males. Fifth-year students are more stressed compared to another year dental undergraduate students. Dental undergraduate students attending dental schools' well-being is associated with living accommodation, personal factors, and academic work in Saudi Arabia.



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