Knowledge and Attitude of Medical Student toward Self Medication in Tikrit University

Main Article Content

Dr. Balqees Ramadan
Dr. Balqees Ramadan


prevalence; self-medication; level of study; medical students; Tikrit University


Background: The promotion of self-medication in many countries is based on the prevention of simple diseases and symptoms, the provision of rapid treatment, simpler health system diseases, the reduction of doctor's examination fees in health funds, and the reduction of doctor's examination fees in health funds, The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitude of self-medication among medical students in Tikrit University.

subject and material: A cross sectional study was conducted in Tikrit University College of Medicine from 15th December 2017 to 15th March 2018. The sample size was 225 students of which 113 were male and 112 were female. Samples were selected in stratified random sampling design from all stages of collage. The data was collected by using a questionnaire which was administered by the interviewers and e-mail.

Results:, there is 81.3% of medical students use self-medication. The frequency of self-medication among the clinical stages is higher than the basic stages. Headache (92%) is the most reason of the self-medication practice among people followed by fever (64%) and common cold (58.6%) according to opinion of medical students. The main source of information that dependent by medical students was advice from doctor (64%), and advice from pharmacist (47.5%). Most of the respondents had a poor knowledge (72.8) % but more than half had positive attitude (67.25%) towards -self-medication.

Conclusion: Countless understudies were distinguished to rehearse self-medicine and a large portion of the respondents have helpless information however great demeanor about self-prescription. Commonness of self-drug increments as year of study increments. This might be because of expanded review openness to illnesses and prescriptions. Hence, it is unequivocally suggested for raising the issue of direction to edify the understudies about the issues that might emerge from unseemly drug use.

Abstract 183 | PDF Downloads 157 XML Downloads 66 HTML Downloads 102


1) Kumari R, Kiran KD, Bahl R, Gupta R. Study of knowledge and practices of self-medication among medical students at Jammu. J Med Sci. 2012;15(2):141-4.
2) Pereira CM, Alves VF, Gasparetto PF, Carneiro DS, de Carvalho DD, Valoz FE. Self-medication in health students from two Brazilian universities. RSBO. 2012 Oct 1;9(4):361-7.
3) Mehta RK, Sharma S. Knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among medical students. Age (years). 2015;20(49):65-3.
4) Badiger S, Kundapur R, Jain A, Kumar A, Pattanshetty S, Thakolkaran N, Bhat N, Ullal N. Self-medication patterns among medical students in South India. The Australasian medical journal. 2012;5(4):217.
5) Bohomol E, Ramos LH, D’Innocenzo M. Medication errors in an intensive care unit. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2009 Jun 1;65(6):1259-67.
6) Surabhi G, Meenakshi J. Study of Self-Medication Pattern In Undergraduate Students Of Subharti Medical College, Meerut (UP). J Ad Res Med Sci. 2013;5(3):266-70.
7) El Ezz NF, Ez-Elarab HS. Knowledge, attitude and practice of medical students towards self-medication at Ain Shams University, Egypt. Journal of preventive medicine and hygiene. 2011 Dec 4;52(4).
8) Awad AI, Eltayeb IB, Capps PA. Self-medication practices in Khartoum state, Sudan. European journal of clinical pharmacology. 2006 Apr 1;62(4):317.
9) Banerjee I, Bhadury T. Self-medication practice among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care medical college, West Bengal. Journal of postgraduate medicine. 2012 Apr 1;58(2):127.
10) Meauri G, Temple V, Law F. Prevalence of selfmedication among students in Papua New Guinea. Pacific J Med Sci. 2013; 9 (1): 17.;31.
11) Nithin K, Bhaskarn U (2016) Perception and practice of self –medication among medical students in coastal south India. IJEIMS 8: 231-235.
12) Parakh R, Sharma N, Choudhary V, Parakh KK, Parakh R, Gour P. A comparative study of Selfmedication practice among medical and engineering students in a private university in North India. WJPPS. 2014 Mar 10;3(5):933-44.
13) Abay SM, Amelo W. Assessment of Self-medication practices among medical, pharmacy, health science students in Gondar University, Ethiopia Journal of Young Pharmacists. 2010 Jul 1;2(3):306-10
14) James H, Handu SS, Al Khaja KA, Otoom S, Sequeira RP. Evaluation of the knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among first-year medical students. Medical principles and practice. 2006;15(4):270-5.
15) Mumtaz Y, Jahangeer SA, Mujtaba T, Zafar S, Adnan S. Self medication among university students of Karachi. Jlumhs. 2011 Sep;10(03):102-5.
16) Selvaraj K, Kumar SG, Ramalingam A. Prevalence of self-medication practices and its associated factors in Urban Puducherry, India. Perspectives in clinical research. 2014 Jan;5(1):32.
17) Zafar SN, Syed R, Waqar S, Zubairi AJ, Vaqar T, Shaikh M, Yousaf W,Shahid S, Saleem S. Self-medication amongst university students of Karachi: prevalence, knowledge and attitudes. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association. 2008;58(4):214.