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Jagdesh Kumar
Shafi Muhammad khuhawar
Bashir Ahmed Chandio
Khalil Ahmed sanghro


Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopies, respiratory disease, FFB


Background: Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FFB), is a well-recognised diagnostic and therapeutic method used in the assessment of respiratory problems.

Objectives: The study aims to highlight common indications, diagnostic yield and complications related with FFB.

Methodology: This prospective descriptive cross-sectional study was performed in all patients that underwent flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy at the Department of Pulmonology GMMMC hospital Sukkur. The study duration was six months from July 2022 to January 2023.

Results: The findings indicate that out of 200 bronchoscopies, 190 (95%) were done for diagnostic purposes and 10 (5%) for therapeutic ones. Out of 200 patients (73% males, 27% females) with a mean age of 55.2 ±10.1 years, and 80% of the patients were smokers. Suspected malignancy was the most common indication for flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy (32.5%), followed by hemoptysis (30%).

Conclusions: This study showed that FFB has very little risk and is both safe and effective. This study demonstrated how FFB is used to diagnose lungs and respiratory airways issues. 

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