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Shafi Muhammad khuhawar
Jagdesh Kumar
Bashir Ahmed Chandio
Khalil Ahmed Sanghro


Biomass fuel, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease


Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is characterized by chronic bronchitis and emphysema, is a long-term lung disease that creates problems during breathing is often preventable and curable. It was the sixth most frequent cause of death in 1990. It is anticipated to overtake as the second most frequent cause in the near future.

Objective: This study was carried out to determine the Effect of biomass fuel exposure on lung function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Materials and Methods: This prospective and observational study was carried out at the department of Pulmonology, GMMMC hospital Sukkur. The study duration was six months From January 2023 to June 2023. A total of 87 individuals who had clinical and functional lung signs of COPD were included. Data was collected by using a proforma designed for this research. All the data was analyzed statistically by using SPSS version 23.

Results:  Based on the stages of COPD, our results showed that 50.5% of patients were in Grades 3 and 4 and 49.4% were in Grades 1 and 2. The length of the symptoms was connected to their intensity. With a mean biomass index of 136.8 hour-years, the majority of the patients were subjected to biomass smoke. The severity of illness was not affected by the nature of exposure. Conclusion: Multiple risk factors other than smoking also play a major role in development of COPD. Biomass exposure is a major risk factor in individuals and duration of exposure links with severity of the disease.

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