KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES ABOUT EFFECTIVE CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD AMONG MARRIED WOMEN IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITALS OF PESHAWAR, PAKISTAN

Main Article Content

Fawad Latif
Roshni Khan
Aurang Zeb
Habiba
Hassan Karim
Amir Sultan
Nazia shuaib
Said Mohammad

Keywords

Contraceptive method, knowledge, practice, married women

Abstract

Background: Poor knowledge about effective contraception method has been documented in a variety of settings across the world. The lack of knowledge has been identified as a possible factor of failure to regularly and correctly use of effective contraception method. Insufficient knowledge about effective contraceptive methods, is the main cause of unintended pregnancy. Understanding of knowledge about effective methods of contraceptive is necessary to prevent unwanted pregnancy and control population.


Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the knowledge and practice about the effective methods of contraceptive among married women.


Method: This quantitative, cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on marries women in three tertiary care hospitals. The convenient sampling technique was adopted with a margin error of 5% and a confidence interval of 95%. The study purpose was explained to the eligible married women. Patient who had language barriers, the questions were explained to them verbally in their local language. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 22.


Results: The result shows that that 58% of them were using contraceptive, around 95.3% of the participants believed that knowledge is necessary. Overall knowledge had categorized into 3 categories also, n=98 (66%) had good knowledge, n=49 (33%) had average knowledge, and n=1 (7%) had poor knowledge. The majority of the knowledge source of 73% of participants is from family and friends, and the least 2.7 % from books. The most effective methods of contraceptive shared by 39.2 % participants was natural method, followed by 28.4% oral contraceptive pills, however 17.8% of the respondents’ thought condom is effective. the study also revealed that respondents thought that factors regarding selecting contraceptive methods is 45.9% safety. 41.9% of the participants preferred using natural method, similarly, condom is used at the very least i.e. 6.8% in married women.


Conclusion: The study disclosed worthy knowledge regarding contraceptive methods and mostly women practice contraceptive methods. It was found that the natural methods are considered effective and preferred compared to all other methods. Furthermore, both wife and husband were responsible for using contraceptive methods.

Abstract 139 | pdf Downloads 62

References

1. Gallo, M. F., Nguyen, N., Nguyen, C., & Steiner, M. J. (2019). Knowledge of contraceptive effectiveness and method use among women in Hanoi, Vietnam. Contraception: X, 1, 100009.
2. Ayub, A., Kibria, Z., & Khan, F. (2015). Assessment of knowledge, attitude and contraceptive use in married women of Peshawar. J Dow Univ Health Sci, 9(1), 89-93.
3. Wodaynew, T., & Bekele, D. (2021). Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Contra-ceptive Use among Postpartum Women in Jimma University Medical Center, Jimma Town, South West Ethiopia. Int J Womens Health Wellness, 7(130), 2474-1353.
4. Ren hen, P. Kumar, A. Samarasinghe, Miaoli C. (2010). A Study on knowledge attitude and practice of contraception among college students in Sikkim, India. J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc. 2010; 11(2): 78–81.
5. Gallo,MF. Nguyen, N. Nguyen, C. Steiner, MJ. (2019). Knowledge of contraceptive effectiveness and method use among women in Hanoi, Vietnam. Contracept X. 2019; 1:100009.
6. Ayub A, Kibria Z, Khan F. (2015). Assessment of knowledge, attitude and contraceptive use in Married women of Peshawar. J Dow Uni Health Sci 2015
7. Eisenberg DL, Secura GM, Madden TE, Allsworth JE, Zhao Q, Peipert JF. Knowledge of contraceptive effectiveness. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology. 2012 Jun 1;206(6):479-e1.
8. Tilahun T, Coene G, Luchters S, Kassahun W, Leye E, Temmerman M, Degomme O. Family planning knowledge, attitude and practice among married couples in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia. PloS one. 2013 Apr 23;8(4):e61335.
9. El.Meanawi NH impact of implementing the education program regarding care of Nasogastric tube feeding on Nurses knowledge and performance.J Nurse Health serv,2017;6(1);101.9 Sokkary N, Mansouri R, Yoost J, Focseneanu M, Dumont T, Nathwani M, Allen L, Hertweck SP, Dietrich JE. A multicenter survey of contraceptive knowledge among adolescents in North America. Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology. 2013 Oct 1;26(5):274-6.
10. Dakhly DM, Bassiouny YA, Bayoumi YA, Gouda HM, Hassan AA, Hassan MA, Asem N, Galal YS. Current contraceptive trends among married Egyptian women: a cross-sectional survey. The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care. 2018 Sep 3;23(5):351-6.
11. Sherpa SZ, Sheilini M, Nayak A. Knowledge, attitude, practice and preferences of contraceptive methods in Udupi district, Karnataka. Journal of family & reproductive health. 2013 Sep;7(3):115.
12. Aldabbagh RO, Al-Qazaz HK. Knowledge and practice of contraception use among females of child-bearing age in Mosul, Iraq. International journal of women's health. 2020;12:107.
13. Alameer MI, Muqri KY, Awlaqi AA, Azyabi FY, Yaqoub AM, Suhail HM, Shabaan S, Moafa MH, Alhazmi MA, Alhazmi A. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices regarding Contraceptive Pill and Its Side Effects among Women in Jazan Region, Saudi Arabia. Clinics and Practice. 2022 Jun;12(3):268-75.
14. Anjum S, Durgawale PM, Shinde M. Knowledge of contraceptives methods and appraisal of health education among married woman. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 2014;3(3):584-90.
15. Rizvi A, Mohan U, Singh SK, Singh VK. Assessment of knowledge of contraceptives and its practice among married women in urban slums of Lucknow district. Indian Journal of Community Health. 2013 Mar 31;25(1):6-11.
16. Thapa P, Pokharel N, Shrestha M (2018) Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Contraception among the Married Women of Reproductive Age Group in Selected Wards of Dharan Sub-Metropolitan City. J Contracept Stud Vol.3 No.3:18

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>