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Saeideh Sadat Mousavi
Shahram Samadi


Insomnia, sleep disorder, virtual reality, systematic review


Background and Objective: Insomnia is one of the most prevalent mental disorders that seriously threatens the lives of individuals. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness of virtual reality (VR) technology in triggering and treating insomnia.

Methods: This systematic review was conducted by searching relevant articles from 2010 to the first half of 2023. The search strategy was based on the PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) definition and MESH keywords related to insomnia, sleep disorders, and virtual reality in international electronic databases, including Google Scholar, PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, ProQuest EMBASE, CINAHL, Magiran, and Iran Medex. A manual search of the reference list of related articles was also performed. The quality of the articles was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) checklist by two researchers.

Results: Six articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in this review. Studies have shown that the use of novel technologies such as VR positively affects inducing sleep or reducing insomnia in various patient groups compared with control groups using relaxation and medication therapy.

Conclusions: Integrating and applying virtual reality technology in sleep medicine may provide a new solution for inducing, improving, and treating insomnia in various patient groups. Despite the limited studies in this field, the use of this technology can strengthen the knowledge base and contribute to the promotion of public health.


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