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Saeeda Anjum Buriro
Sultan Muhammad
Major Munnaza Parveen Rtd
Husan Bano Channar
Shakeel Ahmed Memon
Irshad Chandio


Infectious diseases, communicable, non-communicable diseases, outbreak, Pakistan


With a population of approximately 241.49 million people, Pakistan faces challenges in providing quality healthcare due to the high incidence of both communicable and non-communicable diseases. Understanding the factors that contribute to the prevalence of communicable and noncommunicable diseases in Pakistan is the driving force behind this study. Secondary information was gathered from academic works published between 2017 and 2023 for this investigation. Springer Link, ScienceDirect, PubMed, Semantic Scholar, and Google Scholar were only few of the scholarly databases used to assemble the data for this review.  The research is centered on both communicable and noncommunicable diseases that have an impact on human health. With an emphasis on epidemiological, socioeconomic, and healthcare system-related variables, this study provides a detailed evaluation of the occurrence and effect of several diseases in Pakistan. Several variables were discovered to contribute to the country's high sensitivity to infectious disease epidemics. These included the high population density in metropolitan areas, poor water quality, inadequate sanitary infrastructure, unfavorable socioeconomic situations, and low immunization rates. A lack of a comprehensive surveillance plan and technology has hindered the successful management of infectious disease epidemics. Both diseases require urgently needed targeted medications.

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