Main Article Content

Ghulam Sabri
Parveen Akhtar
Kainat Asmat


Barriers, COPD, Self-care management, self-management, Pakistan


Objective and Methods: This cross-sectional study assessed the self-management barriers faced by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients. Adult patients (≥ 18 years) diagnosed with COPD for at least six months and engaged in self-care at home were included in this study. Data was collected through in-person interviews using a structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Results: Response rate was 98% (371/377). Age of the participants ranged from 41-73 years, with a mean of 53.3 (SD ± 9.65) years. Majority participants were men (82%), married (96.7%), laborers (65.5%) and residents of rural areas (90.6%). Above two-third (79%) were current or previous smokers. Main barriers reported by the participants included lack of knowledge about disease and self-management at home. Additional barriers reported were lack of training in exercise, breathing and relaxation techniques, non-affordability of cost of medications and home-base-oxygen therapy, absence of community support and difficulties in accessing and communicating with healthcare providers.

Conclusion: This study highlighted multi-faceted barriers faced by COPD patients, emphasizing the necessity for comprehensive, patient-centered interventions tailored to the specific needs and circumstances of these individuals.

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