PREVALENCE OF ANEMIA AMONGST NON-PREGNANT FEMALES VISITING GYNAECOLOGY OPD IN A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL IN NORTH INDIA (NORTH WEST UTTAR PRADESH).

Main Article Content

Kapil Dev Sagar
Shaktibala Dutta
Anurag Bajpai
Jyotsna Sharma
Neelima Agrawal

Keywords

Anemia, Haemoglobin, Iron supplementation, Iron deficiency

Abstract

Background: Anemia is a major health problem worldwide, especially in developing countries like India. The most important cause of anemia is iron deficiency, which can be prevented by early oral iron supplementation.


Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the department of Gynaecology of our tertiary care teaching institution for a period of 6 months. 132 women attending to the Gynaecology OPD were screened for anemia. Pregnant females were excluded. Each patient was interviewed using a structured interview schedule and the data obtained was evaluated.


The present study has been designed as a cross-sectional study in NCRIMS, Meerut from 1 May 2022 – 31 October 2022.


RESULTS: A total number of 132 patients of iron deficiency anaemia aged between 10- 60 years were identified during the course of this study. Iron deficiency anaemia was most commonly seen in the reproductive age group (15-49 years)


CONCLUSIONS: To effectively control anaemia, a comprehensive and multi-sectoral approach will have far-reaching consequences. Supporting women will not only improve their nutritional status and reduce their nutrition-related anaemia risk, but will improve the overall household income and promote empowerment of women. Among urban women and women with higher socioeconomic status, food-based interventions such as dietary diversification and fortification of staple foods would reduce nutrition-related anaemia as well as other micro-nutrient deficiencies

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