IMMUNOLOGICAL DETERMINATION OF CHEMOKINE'S ASSOCIATED WITH ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE

Main Article Content

Ibrahim R. Aljboury
Haider Abdul-Lateef Mousa
Ihsan E. Alsaimary

Keywords

Ischemic heart disease IHD, atherosclerosis, Chemokine's, CCL2, CCL5, CXCL9

Abstract

The aim of present study is to shed the light on the impact chemokine's CCL2, CCL5 and CXCL9 serum level associated with ischemic heart disease IHD of susceptibility and development. The patients were divided according to the clinical condition into three types (stable angina pectoris SAP, unstable angina pectoris UAP, and MI). Which was diagnosed by cardiologists and blood vessels. In this study, the chemokine's were included : measurement of (CCL2, CCL5 and CXCL9) by ELISA. in present study showed that that the mean of serum levels of all chemokine's (pg\ml) among ischemic heart disease IHD patients was higher than control group: where CCL2 was have [ (135, 56 + 51.48) and (18, 28 + 17, 24) ] respectively, CCL5 was have [ (19.77 + 5.81) and (5.93 + 1.70) ] respectively, and CXCL9 that have [ (268.354 + 249.981) and (25.554 + 19.294) ] respectively. statistically the differences was highly significant between IHD and control group that have (P-value 0.001) for all chemokine's study. In present study, when classifying patients group with ischemic heart disease into three types (SAP, UAP and MI), it was noted that the mean levels of CCL2 chemokine in the serum were uneven between the three types, as they were CCL2 serum level is higher at SAP than UAP and MI, compared with the control group. statistically the differences was very highly significant for SAP and significant with UAP and no significant with MI that have [(P-value 0.001), (P-value 0.011) and (P-value 0.302)] respectively. In this study, it was noted that the mean levels of CCL5 chemokine in UAP was slightly high than SAP and MI but, all the results showed an increase in CCL5 serum levels when compared with the control group. statistically the differences was very highly significant for SAP and and no significant with UAP and MI that have [(P-value 0.001), (P-value 0.236) and (P-value 0.103)] respectively. While regarded CXCL9 chemokine, this study noted the mean levels of CXCL9 chemokine in serum of MI was slightly high than SAP and high than USP but, all the results showed an increase of CXCL9 serum levels when compared with the control group. statistically the differences was very highly significant for SAP and and no significant with UAP and MI that have [(P-value 0.001), (P-value 0.494) and (P-value 0.279) ] respectively. In this present study, when samples were taken from the vein and artery of patient with IHD, and comparison the results between them. It was found that the mean level of chemokine (CCL2, CCL5 and CXCL9) in artery sample was higher than mean level of vein sample. statistically [(P-value 0.016), (P-value 0.005) and (P-value 0.0.262)] respectively.

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