Empowerment Model of Pregnant Women in Stunting Prevention Efforts

Main Article Content

Eko Mindarsih
Muhammad Akhyar
Budiyanti Wiboworini
Suminah

Keywords

Empowerment, Perception, Behavior, Pregnant Women, Stunting

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of empowerment and perceptions on the behavior of pregnant women and to formulate a model for empowering pregnant women in an effort to prevent stunting. The explanatory survey descriptive research method was quantitative in nature. The samples were pregnant women in the second and third trimesters of 220 respondents. The instrument used a questionnaire with a Likert scale, tested content validity on 12 experts, used CVI (Content Validity Index) Aiken's V and reliability with Cronbach Aplha. How to take samples with proportional random sampling. Analysis conducted with multiple linear regression tests by using the Lisrel program SEM analysis. The results showed that the empowerment of pregnant women was in the good category (40.9), the perception of the category was quite good (14.5), the behavior was in the good enough category (39.5). Model fit with Chi-Square=1.20, RMSEA= 0.040, p-value= 0.070, NFI=0.96, NNFI=0.92, PNFI=0.93, GFI=0.95, AGFI=0.94, PGFI=0.94. Empowerment has a significant positive effect on behavior t value 4.39 and contributes 46%. Perception has a significant positive effect on behavior t value 4.03 and contributes 42%. Conclusion empowerment has a significant positive effect on behavior. Perception has a significant positive effect on the behavior of pregnant women. Empowerment models for pregnant women can be recommended as a solution to prevent stunting.

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