A comprehensive evaluation of knowledge and perceptions regarding geriatric dentistry among Saudi Arabian dental students Geriatric dentistry: Saudi students’ perspective

Main Article Content

Sami Aldhuwayhi


Geriatric dentistry, dental students, geriatric education, dental education


Objectives: The purpose of thestudy was to evaluate the knowledge and perceptions of Arabian dental students on geriatric dentistry.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a total of 100 participants were selected [25 from 3rd-and 4th-year students (Group I) and 5th-year students and interns (Group II)]. All participants were completed a three-part [(Part I (knowledge) and II (cognitive evaluation) and III (awareness and attitude of psychosocial and health problems)] questionnaire related to geriatric dentistry. The comparisons were made among the Groups. The data were analyzed using SPSS (Version 21.0.IBM Corp) software.  

Results: The responses on the knowledge of the geriatric population and their oral health (Part I) questionnaire among groups were not statistically significant (p >0.05). The knowledge mean scores comparison showed a significant relationship evident among the groups (p<0.05). Overall all Group II participants achieved the highest scores for Part I (p>0.05),  Part II (p<0.05), and Part III A&B (p>0.05).

Conclusions: The students belong to 5th-year, and Interns achieved high scores compared to 3rd- and 4th- years students. Dental students and interns in Saudi Arabia lack positive approaches to providing primary health care to geriatric individuals despite a rapidly growing geriatric population.


Abstract 796 | PDF Downloads 447 XML Downloads 71 HTML Downloads 141


1. Treas J, Logue B. Economic development and the older population. Population and Development Review. 1986; 12: 645–673.
2. Grigsby JS. Paths for future population aging. Gerontologist. 1991; 31: 195-203.
3. World Health Organization. The world report on ageing and health. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/186463/1/9789240694811_eng.pdf?ua=1.
4. Al-Shehri S. Oral health status of older people in residential homes in Saudi Arabia. Open Journal of Stomatology. 2012; 2: 307-313.
5. Gape RD, Hensichkle PJ. Perspective of health and old age. Journal of American Geriatric Society. 1980; 28: 295-299.
6. Solomon K, Vicker R. Attitudes of health professionals towards old people. Journal of American Geriatric Society. 1979; 28: 186-191.
7. Geiger D. How future professionals view the elderly – a comparative analysis of social work, law and medical student perceptions. Gerontologist. 1978; 18: 591-594.
8. Mersel A, Mann J, Malre D, Anaise J. Israeli dental students attitudes toward elderly patients. Special Care in Dentist. 1984; 4: 261-263.
9. Wood GJ, Mulligan R. Cross sectional comparison of dental students' knowledge and attitudes before geriatric training: 1984-1999. Journal of Dental Education. 2000; 64: 763-771.
10. Plonczynski Dj, Ehrlich-Jones L, Robertson JF. Ensuring a knowledgeable and committed gerontological nursing workforce. Nurse Education Today. 2007; 27: 113-121.
11. Weaver RG, Haden NK, Valachovic RW (2002). Annual ADEA survey of dental school seniors: 2002 graduating class. Journal of Dental Education. 2002; 66: 1388-1404.
12. Fabiano JA, Waldrop DP, Nochajski TH, Davis EL, Goldberg LJ (2005). Understanding dental students' knowledge and perceptions of older people: toward a new model of geriatric dental education. Journal of Dental Education. 69: 419-433.
13. Hawk C, Byrd L, Killinger LZ. Evaluation of a geriatrics course emphasizing interdisciplinary issues for chiropractic students. Journal of Gerontological Nursing. 2001; 27: 6-12.
14. Kaempfer D, Wellman NS, Himburg SP. Dietetics students' low knowledge, attitudes, and work preferences toward older adults indicate need for improved education about aging. Journal of American Dietetic Association. 2002; 102: 197-202.
15. Anehosur GV, Nadiger RK . Evaluation of understanding level of Indian dental students' knowledge and perception regarding older adults. Gerodontology. 2012; 201229: e1215-e1221.
16. Broder H, Block MJ. Effects of geriatric education on the knowledge of dental students. Special Care in Dentistry. 1986; 6:177-179.
17. Friedlander LT, Meldrum AM, Lyons K. Curriculum development in final year dentistry to enhance competency and professionalism for contemporary general dental practice. European Journal of Dental Education. 2019;23(4):498-506.
18. Nochajski TH, Waldrop DP, Davis EL, Fabiano JA, Goldberg LJ. Factors that influence dental students' attitudes about older adults. Journal of Dental Education. 2009; 73: 95–104.
19. Wen A, Wong L, Ma C, Arndt R, Katz AR, Richardson K, Deutsch M, Masaki K. An interprofessional team simulation exercise about a complex geriatric patient. Gerontology & Geriatrics Education. 2019;40:16-29
20. Scheffler SJ. Do clinical experiences affect nursing students' attitudes towards older adults. Journal of Nursing Education. 1995; 34: 312-326.
21. Moriello GR, Smey JW, Pescatello LS, Murphy MA. Influence of an educational intervention on preallied health students' attitudes toward older adults. Gerontology & Geriatrics Education. 2005; 25: 1-11.
22. Baum EE, Nelson KM . The effect of a 12-month longitudinal long-term care rotation on knowledge and attitudes of internal medicine residents about geriatrics. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. 2005; 8: 105-109.
23. Lovell M. Caring for the elderly: changing perceptions and attitudes. Journal of Vascular Nursing. 2006; 24: 22–26.
24. Shah N (2005). Need for gerodontology education in India. Gerodontology. 2005; 22: 104–105.
25. Fedele DJ, Basehore PM, Cavalieri TA, Pomerantz S. Evaluation of a two-hour oral health education program for medical students. Gerontology & Geriatric Education. 1996; 16(3):85-09
26. Bonwell PB, Parsons PL, Best AM, Hise S. An interprofessional educational approach to oral health care in the geriatric population. Gerontology & Geriatric Education. 2014; 35(2):182-199
27. Kiyak HA, Brudvik J. Dental students' self-assessed competence in geriatric dentistry. Journal of Dental Education. 1992; 56(11):728-734.

Most read articles by the same author(s)