Therapeutic effect of inhaled budesonide in transient tachypnea of newborn: A placebo-controlled study

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Mohamed Shawky Elfarargy
Sally El-Sayed Abu-Risha
Reham Lotfy Younis


newborn, inhaled, budesonide, tachypnea


Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a chest disease found in neonates. It varies from mild to severe and is accompanied by neonatal morbidity and respiratory complications. This is a prospective placebo-controlled study, identification number is TCTR20200513005, which was done in the neonatal unit of Tanta University Hospital between June 2016 and March 2018. This study comprised 100 neonates with TTN, which were divided into two groups. The first group (inhaled steroid group) consisted of 50 neonates with TTN who were exposed to inhalation of corticosteroids (budesonide 2 ml, 0.25 mg/ml suspension for nebulizer, AstraZeneca AB, Södertälje, Sweden), the first dose was administered within 6 h of birth and the second dose was given 12 h later. The second group (placebo group) consisted of 50 neonates with TTN who were exposed to placebo inhalation (2 ml of distilled sterile water). There was significant difference between both groups regarding Down score (P = 0.001), TTN clinical score (P = 0.001) and Saturation of Peripheral Oxygen (SpO2) measured by pulse oximeter (P = 0.008), while there was nonsignificant difference between both groups regarding PH (P = 0.573), and this showed that clinically the inhaled steroid group is significantly better than the placebo group. Hence, this study concludes that since administration of inhaled budesonide showed improvement in TTN cases, it could be a recommended line of treatment for neonatal TTN.

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