INSIGHTS INTO THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL PROFILING OF FAGONIA INDICA

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Farwa Tariq
Aysha Sameen
Amna Sahar
Muhammad Naeem Faisal

Keywords

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Abstract

Plants contain a wide range of new components with varying medicinal values, so they have been employed for ages to treat human diseases. Pharmacists are quite interested in all of these plants, but in particular, the genus Fagonia, because early pharmacological research has shown that it is effective in treating a variety of illnesses. Fagonia indica, a medicinal plant with extensive traditional uses, was subjected to a comprehensive analysis to elucidate its physicochemical and phytochemical composition in contemporary study. The study revealed the presence of nutritional parameters, with moisture content recorded at 9.35±0.23%, ash content at 7.43±0.56%, crude fiber at 15.01±1.74%, fat at 3.92±0.41%, protein at 8.2±0.56%, and nitrogen free extract (NFE) content at 8.2±0.56%. Macro-minerals including sodium (10.67±0.92 mg/100 g), potassium (5.6±0.31 mg/100 g), and calcium (6.41±0.76 mg/100 g) were detected, along with micro-minerals such as iron (10.67±0.92 mg/100 g), magnesium (5.6±0.31 mg/100 g), zinc (6.41±0.76 mg/100 g), phosphorus (0.53±0.02 mg/100 g), and manganese (1.84±0.05 mg/100 g). Moreover, plant extract exhibited a significant bioactive potential indicated by total phenolic content (267.87 mg GAE/mL), total flavonoid content (30.39 μg CE/mL), and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl assay (80.24%). These findings strongly emphasize the pharmacological and nutritional potential of F. indica suggesting its suitability for nutritional and medicinal purposes.

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