THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BREAST AND BOTTLE FEEDING AND RESPIRATORY ILLNESS IN THE FIRST YEAR OF LIFE

Main Article Content

Dr Iqbal Ahmad
Dr Afsheen Batool Raza
Dr Muhammad Sohaib
Dr Ibrahim Shakoor
Dr. Shaheen Masood
Dr Riffat Farrukh

Keywords

Breast feeding, Bottle feeding, respiratory illness, Pneumonia, Acute Bronchitis

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the relationship between feeding method (breastfeeding or bottle-feeding) and respiratory illness in the first year of life.


Materials and Methods:  This was a cross sectional study in which we have enrolled total of 95 infants. The enrolled infants were divided into two group. Group A infants were serve by breast feeding and group B infants were serve by bottle-feeding. Data were collected by using predesign questionere. This study duration was 6 month from November, 2023 to April, 2024 and was conducted at Shahida Islam Teaching Hospital Lodhran, Pakistan and Department of Pediatric Medicine, The Children's Hospital and University of Child Health Sciences (UCHS)


Results: The mean age of all enrolled infants was 5.95±2.4 months. Among male infants, the mean age was 5.97±2.20 months, while among female infants, it was 5.94±2.59 months. The study included 43 male infants (45.3%) and 52 female infants (54.7%). Regarding health conditions, 33 infants (34.7%) were diagnosed with pneumonia, and 28 infants (29.5%) were diagnosed with acute bronchitis. In the subgroup of breastfed infants, 13 patients (39.4%) had pneumonia, while 20 patients (60.6%) had pneumonia in the bottle-fed group, with insignificant p-value. For acute bronchitis, 11 breastfed infants (39.3%) and 17 bottle-fed infants (60.7%) were diagnosed, with an insignificant p-value. Examining gender differences, 10 male infants (35.7%) and 18 female infants (64.3%) were diagnosed with acute bronchitis, yielding a insignificant p-value.


Conclusion: It was concluded that breast feeding pattern reduces the incidences of respiratory illness in the first year of life.

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