EFFECT OF GENDER AND AGE ON THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES REGARDING HEPATITIS B AND C AND VACCINATION STATUS OF HEPATITIS B AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS OF GANDHI MEDICAL COLLEGE, BHOPAL

Main Article Content

Stephen Nand
Amruthadevi T.S.
J. L. Marko

Keywords

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Abstract

Objectives: To assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practices regarding Hepatitis B & C among medical students and to estimate the vaccination status for hepatitis B among the students.


Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Gandhi Medical College. Convenient sampling was used to collect the information. Questionnaire regarding awareness about prevention, transmission, diagnosis, treatment and vaccination availability for hepatitis B and C was completed from each individual via peer reviewed google forms. In addition, vaccination status of hepatitis B and the awareness of students regarding post exposure prophylaxis was also documented.


Results: A total of 303 students participated in this study. Participants in age group 18-20 years old were 141(46.5%) and the rest were in 21 years old and above. Female participants were 143(47%).


97% of younger age group and 90% of older age group agreed that if someone who appears healthy be a patient. 56% males; whereas only 41% females aware of the CDC guidelines of WHO for health care workers regarding Hep B. 71% males and 82% females agreed if they actively encouraged their fellow medical students to get vaccinated against hep B. 80% males and 89% females gave their opinion that hepatitis B vaccination should be included as a mandatory requirement for medical school admission. 76% participants from younger age group and 85% from older age group said that they ask their hairdresser to use new blades for shaving or hair cutting. 79% males and females responded that they cover any open wounds or cuts to prevent exposure to hepatitis B. 67% males whereas only 20% females responded that they participated in health education program related to Hepatitis B. 59% participants from younger age group and 64% from older age group reported that they were completely vaccinated (3 doses) for hepatitis B. Around 50% of the students reported that they have had needle pricks in their students’ career.


Conclusion: The overall Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of studied group showed satisfactory outcomes. However, some areas of attitude and practices showed the need to work upon with the students.

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