ASSESSING DENTAL CARIES AND RISK FACTORS AMONG STUDENTS OF MADRASA AND SCHOOL: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

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Dr. Tauseef Ahmed, Dr. Amna Rehman, Prof Dr Navid Rashid Qureshi, Dr Urooj Aijaz, Dr Abeeha Batool, Dr Syed Israr Ali, Dr Nousheen Zehra, Dr Samreen Malik

Keywords

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Abstract

Dental caries is a common oral health problem that affects children and adolescents worldwide, including those attending madrasas and schools. Objectives: The basic aim of the study is to assessing dental caries among madrasa and school going student in Pakistan. Material and methods: The study was conducted in Liaquat College of medicine and dentistry Karachi from January 2023 to December 2023 encompassing both Madrasas and mainstream schools within this area. Data was collected from 400 participants. The questionnaire used to assess dental caries among madrasa and school-going students should include questions on their age, gender, history of toothache or discomfort, oral hygiene practices, use of fluoride toothpaste, dental treatment history, consumption of sugary foods and drinks, dental check-up frequency, and access to dental care services in the community. Results: The results of the assessment can help identify the prevalence of dental caries among this population, the risk factors associated with it, and the need for preventive measures, such as promoting regular tooth brushing with fluoride toothpaste, reducing the consumption of sugary foods and drinks, and increasing access to dental care services in the community. The dental examination revealed that 48% of the participants had dental caries. The severity of dental caries varied, with 25% of those affected exhibiting mild caries, 15% experiencing moderate caries, and 8% presenting with severe caries. The remaining 52% of participants were found to be caries-free. Conclusion: In conclusion, assessing dental caries among madrasa and school-going students is crucial for promoting good oral health practices and reducing the burden of dental caries in this population.

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