PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME SYMPTOMS AMONG THE BEAUTY PARLOR WORKERS IN KARACHI: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Main Article Content

Mehwish Siddiqui
Roopali Mandhan
Sanjana Kumari
Neha Chhoda
Dipsha
Nimerta Rani
Shanza Imdad
Nimarta Fulwani
Aqsa Faiz

Keywords

musculoskeletal disease, pain, wrist, carpal tunnel syndrome, prevalence

Abstract

Introduction: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) causes various conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system, including Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS). CTS, characterized by median nerve compression in the wrist's carpal tunnel, presents a global public health challenge. It exhibits varying prevalence rates across populations and professions, with notable occurrences among pregnant women, diabetic patients, and those engaged in repetitive and forceful maneuvers. Beauty parlor workers, due to the nature of their tasks, face an increased risk of CTS, originating from repetitive and forceful wrist motions, sustained wrist positions, and the use of vibrating tools. Regional variations in CTS prevalence emphasize the need for healthcare strategies.


Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) symptoms among the beauty parlor workers in Karachi.


 Methodology: One hundred and eighty-four beauty parlor workers participated in this cross sectional study. Data was collected using a standard disease specific questionnaire BCTQ. Consent was taken from all eligible participants. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 26.


 Result: The result revealed that a significant proportion of participants experienced mild to moderate wrist pain 57.6%, numbness 53.8%, tingling sensations 55.4%, and weakness 47.8%. Workers faced numerous difficulties in performing their professional tasks, such as grasping small objects, holding makeup palettes, working with scissors and vibratory tools, gripping beauty tools, and opening jars and bottles


 Conclusion: This study concluded high prevalence and risk factors of carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms among beauty parlor workers in Karachi. This study highlight the need to consider ergonomic solutions for those who carry heavy equipment, work with vibratory tools and perform repetitive movements.

Abstract 102 | PDF Downloads 51

References

1. Anjum H, Qazi W, Rehman H, Shafique MS. Frequency of Musculosketelal Problems in Beauticians of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences. 2022;16(08):490-.
2. Yesuf T, Aragie H, Asmare Y. Prevalence of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and its associated factors among patients with musculoskeletal compliant at Dilchora Referral Hospitals in Dire Dawa administration, Eastern Ethiopia, 2022. medRxiv. 2023:2023.02. 10.23285779.
3. Said HB, Kaabi K, Kerkni N, Youssef I, Mechergui N, Brahim D, et al. The Professional Future in Operated Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Cross-Sectional Study of Recognized Occupational Cases. La Medicina del Lavoro. 2023;114(4).
4. Bibi M, Khan B, Ahmad SR, Hassanat A, Ijaz R, Usman H. Prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome in computer operators of Peshawar. Rehman Journal of Health Sciences. 2019;1(1):21-3.
5. Harris-Adamson C, Eisen EA, Kapellusch J, Hegmann KT, Thiese MS, Dale A-M, et al. Occupational risk factors for work disability following carpal tunnel syndrome: a pooled prospective study. Occupational and environmental medicine. 2022;79(7):442-51.
6. Bujara S. Carpal tunnel syndrome in persons performing cosmetic procedures. Aesthetic Cosmetology and Medicine. 2020;5:425-30.
7. Hayder A, Fatimah A, Asghar HMU, Maqbool S, Shad M, Zaheer B, et al. Prevalence Of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Among Butchers In Pakistan: Carpel Tunnel Syndrome among Butchers. Pakistan BioMedical Journal. 2022:183-7.
8. Karaçorlu FN, Balgetir F, Pirinçci E, Deveci SE. The relationship between carpal tunnel syndrome, smartphone use, and addiction: A cross-sectional study. Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2022;68(4):517.
9. Erick P, Benjamin K, Raditloko S, Tapera R, Mbongwe B. Risk factors for self-reported carpal tunnel syndrome among hairstylists in gaborone, botswana. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health. 2020;34(3):437-50.
10. Mubashra H, Mehmood M, Malik S, Zahra H, Mehmood A, Mukhtar S. Prevalence of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome among Dentists of Faisalabad. Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences. 2022;16(10):9-.
11. Genova A, Dix O, Saefan A, Thakur M, Hassan A. Carpal tunnel syndrome: a review of literature. Cureus. 2020;12(3).
12. Zubair M, Khan P, Ahmad U, Abidin SZU, Shah SU, Kazmi A. Prevalence of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Among Dentists Working in Tertiary Care Hospitals of Peshawar, Pakistan. Annals of Jinnah Sindh Medical University. 2022;8(1):36-41.
13. Alhusain FA, Almohrij M, Althukeir F, Alshater A, Alghamdi B, Masuadi E, et al. Prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms among dentists working in Riyadh. Annals of Saudi medicine. 2019;39(2):104-11.
14. Feng B, Chen K, Zhu X, Ip W-Y, Andersen LL, Page P, et al. Prevalence and risk factors of self-reported wrist and hand symptoms and clinically confirmed carpal tunnel syndrome among office workers in China: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2021;21:1-10.
15. Al-Jasim A, Sarhan FM, Al-Abbasi G, Ali AB, Alaraj RS, Yasin D, et al. Risk factors associated with the reported scores on the symptoms severity and functional limitations scales of the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire: a cross-sectional study. Annals of Medicine and Surgery. 2023;85(5):1691-8.
16. Mathew AE, John T. A clinical and neurophysiological analysis of idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome with respect to gender and occupation. Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology. 2021;24(6):865-72.
17. Roquelaure Y, Jégo S, Geoffroy-Perez B, Chazelle E, Descatha A, Evanoff B, et al. Carpal tunnel syndrome among male French farmers and agricultural workers: Is it only associated with physical exposure? Safety and health at work. 2020;11(1):33-40.
18. Lewańska M. The bilaterality of idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome among manual workers. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health. 2020;33.