COGNIZANCE REGARDING PATIENTS’ RIGHTS TO HEALTH: PERSPECTIVES OF DOCTORS WORKING IN A PUBLIC SECTOR TERTIARY LEVEL HOSPITAL

Main Article Content

Dr Zoheb Rafique Memon
Fatima Soomro
Almas Ashraf
Chhagan Lal
Dr. Farah Deeba Shaikh
Dr. Aqsa Fatima
Prof. Dr. Khalida Naz Memon

Keywords

: Cognizance, Observance, Patients’ rights, Health, Doctors, Perspectives.

Abstract

Objective: To assess cognizance and observance of rights of patients among doctors and their association with socio-demographic profile of doctors. 


Study Design: Cross sectional study.


Setting: Medical & surgical wards of Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad and Jamshoro Sindh Pakistan.   


Period: 1st December 2021 to 28th February 2022.


Material & Methods: Data was collected on 417 consenting doctors working in designated wards; the relevant data was collected on a validated questionnaire with a pre-tested validity of 0.74. A 4-point Likert scale was used to seek doctors’ perspectives on 20 most important aspects of patients’ rights. Data was analyzed in SPSS version 26.0 for windows. The cumulative mean ± standard deviation for cognizance regarding patients’ rights among doctors were calculated. The observance of patients’ rights was classified into 4 components as per standard classification. The chi-square, t-test & one-way ANOVA test were applied to analyze required associations at p-value 0.05 taken as cut-off for significant results.


Results: Female preponderance (52.04%), house officers & internees (50.84%) were recorded. All aspects of socio-demographic fabric reveal statistically significant associations with their cognizance towards patients’ rights (p= 0.004 for gender, p = 0.000 for marital status, p = 0.005 for educational status and p = 0.002 for designation); while regarding observance of patients’ rights, significant results were obtained for gender of the doctors as well as for level of education (p = 0.01 & 0.005, respectively).


Conclusion: There is a significant difference between the levels of cognizance & observance regarding patients ‘rights among doctors. 

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