A CROSS-SECTIONAL INVESTIGATION ON HEMOGLOBIN LEVELS IN CHILDREN WITH HEART FAILURE

Main Article Content

Ambreen Afridi
Afsheen Mahmood
Munir Hussain

Keywords

Heart Failure, Pediatric, Hemoglobin, Prognosis

Abstract

Introduction: Despite the many challenges linked to pediatric heart failure, little is known about the predictive importance of hemoglobin levels in this group. To improve patient outcomes, our aim was to look into this relationship.


Objectives: To assess the relationship between hemoglobin levels and the severity of left ventricular dysfunction in pediatric heart failure, informing personalized therapeutic strategies.


Study design: A cross-sectional study.


Duration and Place of Study: Department of Community Medicine Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar, Between 05-Feb 2021 And 05-Feb 2022.


Methods: Our study of paediatric heart failure patients assessed haemoglobin levels as well as the degree of left ventricular dysfunction. at the Tartary Care Hospital in Peshawar.


Results: Higher levels of left ventricular dysfunction were linked to decreased haemoglobin levels in 684 people. There were 310 (45.3%) females and 374 (54.7%) males, almost evenly distributed by gender. The average age was 6.8 years. Haemoglobin levels averaged 11.7 g/dL (SD = 1.2) in mild cases, 11.4 g/dL (SD = 1.3) in intermediate cases, and 10.8 g/dL (SD = 1.4) in severe cases.


Conclusion: Haemoglobin levels in paediatric heart failure show potential as prognostic indicators, highlighting the need for more studies to create tailored medicines and improve outcomes.

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