EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONING AND WORKING MEMORY DEFICITS ON THE CANTAB® AMONG CHILDREN WITH PRENATAL ALCOHOL EXPOSURE

Main Article Content

Carmen Rasmussen
Maryam Soleimani
Jacqueline Pei

Keywords

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), Executive function (EF), memory, CANTAB®

Abstract

Background


Children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) display numerous neuropsychological impairments, including deficits on measures of executive functioning (EF) and working memory.


 


Objectives


The goal of this project was to examine whether children with PAE and FASD demonstrate EF and working memory deficits on the CANTAB® (a computerized neuropsychological test).


 


Methods


Twenty-four children with PAE and 26 control children were tested on the CANTAB®.


 


Results


Children with PAE demonstrated deficits in the areas of executive functioning, working memory, and attention. Among the PAE group, those with FASD were specifically impaired on working memory capacity.


 


Conclusions


The CANTAB® is a useful tool for detecting neurobehavioral deficits in children with PAE.

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