Main Article Content

Mr. Bashir Ul Haq
Zahid Khan
Sulaiman Khan
Usman Ullah
Haroon Ur Rashid


stress, logistic regression, too many examination/assessments, lack of financial support, poor time management, lack of adequate physical, love relationship.


In the present study the prevalence and its associated risk factors of stress are investigated among undergraduate students of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa universities. For this purpose, the cluster random sampling method is used. All universities in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are considered as clusters, from which seven universities are randomly selected. In the second stage, faculties are selected from selected clusters (universities). Then, from the given faculties’ students are identified, and a structure questionnaire is distributed among them. Total of 863 comprising 543 male and 320 female undergraduate students returned the questionnaires. The data entered to Minitab version 19 for descriptive and inferential analysis. In descriptive analysis, the number of students having various levels of stress and factors responsible for producing stress among undergraduate university students are presented. In order to assess the significant risk factors of the prevalence of stress among undergraduate students’ ordinal logistic regression model is used. The reason behind using this model is as that response variable is categorical, that is, various levels of stress. The levels of stress have an order from no stress to potentially dangerous stress. The fitted ordinal logistic model also shows that too many examination/assessments, lack of financial support, poor time management, lack of adequate physical activities and love relationship are significantly (P<0.05) related to the response variable which is log odds of the prevalence of stress.



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