PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS, MEDICINAL AND TRADITIONAL USES OF CAPPARIS DECIDUA

Main Article Content

Mujeeb-ur-Rehman
Sania Bashir
Saira Mansha
Mahnoor
Iqra Munawar
Abbas Shahid
Sidra Shahid
Habiba kanwal

Keywords

Capparis decidua, Anti-inflammatory, ntibacterial, Hepatoprotective, Anti-fungal, Analgesic.

Abstract

Capparis decidua is a shrubby plant and indigenously in Pakistan and other regions like Africa, Asia and Saudi Arabia, related to Capparidaceae family. Its common name is different in different areas even in Pakistan it is known for many names like “Kair” and “karir” in Punjab area whereas it is known with changed name in other regions. This plant has great therapeutic effects along with great nutritional value. Largely, the fruit of C. decidua, when done proximate compositional analysis showed that it had great nutritional value due to which can be used as livestock feedstuff and for food. All the parts of plant are used for different purposes. It covers the two major aspects of human life i.e. use for nutritional and treatment purpose. C. decidua can be used in curative numerous ailments and for food in many nations. In the old-style therapeutic system of India and Pakistan, it has an exceptional position as therapeutic plant. However, the formula and method of use against various afflictions shifts as per the region and culture. The medical specialty of this plant is having anti-atherosclerotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, hepatoprotective, anti-fungal, analgesic, anthelmintic, hypolipidemic, anti-tumor, anti-giardial, anti-nociceptive, anti-diabetic, anti-rheumatic, antioxidant and anti-convulsant activities. Due to these attributes, this plant contains many important phytochemicals in an extensive range including phenolics, alkaloids (capparisinine, capparisine, stachydrine, isocodonocarpine), flavonoids, fatty acids and sterols. Different parts of plant consist of different composition of protein, carbohydrates, fatty acids, traces metals and compounds. It can also be use as appetizer, aphrodisiac, carminative and emmenagogue. This review emphases on the medicinal uses by folk, phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of this multiuse plant. Furthermore, we also enclosed the efficacy of plant as food (functional) and Nutra-pharmaceutical.

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