THE PREVALENCE OF ANTERIOR KNEE PAIN (AKP) IN INDIVIDUALS WHO HAD UNDERGONE TOTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY (TKA)

Main Article Content

Saeedullah
Faridullah Khan Zimri
Tanveer Sadiq
S Shujaat Ali Shah

Keywords

total knee arthroplasty, total knee replacement, anterior knee pain

Abstract

Background: Total knee arthroplasty, a commonly used surgical technique to treat knee joint problems, especially osteoarthritis. After knee arthroplasty, anterior knee pain (AKP) is a typical problem that patients experience. This mild to moderate pain continues to be a problem even in situations where patellar resurfacing is not done.


Objective: To determine the prevalence of anterior knee pain in individuals who had undergone total knee arthroplasty.


Study design: A cross-sectional study.


Place and Duration: This study was done at, Zimri Orthopedic Hospital Islamabad Pakistan for the period of one year.


Methodology: The study's sample size of 190 patients was established using the WHO formula for sample size calculation, which was based on an estimated 7% prevalence of anterior knee pain following total knee arthroplasty. Each patient's complete medical history was completely documented. Every person underwent a thorough physical examination as well as the customary preoperative baseline investigations. After surgery, patients remained in the ward under strict observation for five days before being discharged, when it was seen as acceptable.


Results: A total of 190 people were involved in this research. The average age calculated was 48.62 years. The mean BMI was 24.6 kg/m2. The mean pain on VAS at the third follow-up was 1.31. There were a total of 133 male, representing 70% of the total sample, and 57 women, representing 30% of the total sample. At the 3rd follow-up, anterior knee pain was absent in 173 (91.05%) patients while it was present in 17 (8.95%).


Conclusion: Anterior knee pain is a common and clinically significant side effect of total knee arthroplasty or total knee replacement (TKR)

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