EVALUATION OF CARDIAC ABNORMALITIES BY 2D ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY IN CHILDREN AND CLINICAL OUTCOME IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Main Article Content

Dr. Rizwan Ahmed
Dr. Rupali Rokade

Keywords

Congenital heart defect, 2 D echocardiography, ASD, PDA, VSD

Abstract

Aim of Study: To evaluate cardiac abnormalities by 2D echocardiography and clinical outcome in children


 Method:  It is a prospective observational study that will be conducted in the Department of Paediatrics, NKPSIMS Medical College, Nagpur. All children admitted or in opd  with suspected cardiac abnormality at our Hospital, aged 0 to 18 years, from January 2023 to December 2023  were recruited into the study were advised 2D echocardiography which was done by Pediatric Cardiologist . These children were also investigated with other blood investigations like hemoglobin , total leukocyte count, platelets , vitals parameters like Heart rate , respiration rate , oxygen saturation .


 Results: Data of 60 children was evaluated. There were 44 % males (n=27) and 56% females (n=34). Informed consent was obtained from each patient before inclusion in the study. Echocardiography data, vital parameters, blood investigations was done as per the cardiac performa. Out of 60 suspected children with cardiac abnormality ,  normal were 57%, and  43% were diagnosed as having congenital heart defects.


 Conclusion: ASD (11.2%)  is the most popular cardiac defect followed by PDA (11.2%)  then VSD (6.4 %) defect. Early diagnosis of congenital heart abnormalities is important for careful treatment and the prevention of complications. The gold norm for diagnosis is a 2D-echo and clinical assessment.

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