“TO STUDY THE PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS OF NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AMONGST MEDICAL STUDENTS IN RAMA MEDICAL COLLEGE, KANPUR, UTTAR PRADESH”.

Main Article Content

Lakshmi Singh
Anju Gahlot
Atul Kumar Singh
Poonam Kushwaha

Keywords

Non communicable disease, risk factors, prevalence

Abstract

Introduction: Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in India have increased from 37.9% in 1990 to 61.8% in 2016. They are slowly progressive and are of long duration and are responsible for more than 50% of the global burden of disease . There are very few studies conducted which studied the prevalence of risk factors in the non-communicable diseases among medical students. In the present study authors observed that most of the students are at risk to develop NCDs, and the cumulative effect of risk factors bundles-up and eventually leads to diseaseas students advance through their life.


Aim and objective: To estimate the prevalence and associated risk factors of NCD amongst medical students.


Material and Methods: This was a cross sectional analytical study involving 362 undergraduate students of Rama Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Mandhana, Kanpur using simple random sampling.


The study used a pretested structured questionnaire which was conducted by using the WHONCDSTEPS approach. A suitable statistical analysis was carried out where data analysis was done by using MSExcel and software SPSS version 26.


Results: Our study results showed that there was a prevalence of  physical activity in female students with 51% and in male students 48.9%, which was almost equal. Junk food consumption had overall prevalence of 69.34% in females out number males in junk food consumption. Association of BMI with NCD as a risk factor was statistically significant in current 75 smoker only.


Conclusion: There is a huge opportunity to reduce modifiable risk factors and NCD among our future doctors by encouraging them to change their behaviour-related lifestyles such as smoking habits, alcohol use and junk food.

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