PREVALENCE OF ŚVITRA W.S.R. TO VITILIGO IN JAIPUR AND ITS PERIPHERY-A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Main Article Content

Dr. Shri Ram Saini
Dr. B.K. Sevatkar

Keywords

Śvitra, Vitiligo, Prevalence & survey (cross-sectional) study

Abstract

Back ground: - Śvitra is linked to Vitiligo and Leucoderma, according to  modern  dermatology. Vitiligo is a condition in which the melanocytes in the skin are gradually destroyed, resulting in un- pigmented regions. Vitiligo can have profound effects on patients and is often associated with other autoimmune conditions and family background. It is important to understand the current prevalence of Vitiligo, including all diagnosed, undiagnosed cases.


Objective: - Conduct a community based survey to identify prevalence of Śvitra (Vitiligo) in Jaipur & its periphery and to know socio-demographic factors influencing the occurrence of the disease.


Design, Setting, and Participants: - This community based survey study was performed “between” 2020 to 2021 in the Jaipur during my Ph.D study. We have made a small team and started planning to survey by selecting 10 regions (cluster) of Jaipur city and it’s around. After decided cluster we started door-to-door survey, to found 500 patients we were surveyed 25600 populations of any age.


Results: - Prevalence of Śvitra (Vitiligo) was found 1.95 % in Jaipur and its periphery, 293 (58.6%) were female patients, 207 (41.4%) were male, Age (Years)-0-30 yrs were 223 (44.6%), 31-60 were 213(42.6%), 64(12.8%) were found more than 60 years. Mean age of patients was 27.2 years, family history found in 31 (6.2%), 60 (12.0%) patients were found with previously diagnosed autoimmune diseases; particularly thyroid problems (5.8%) were quite common.


Conclusions: - Results of this study demonstrated that the current (Jaipur and its periphery) population-based prevalence estimate of Vitiligo. Additionally, this study suggests that relatively high prevalence of Vitiligo was found female patients

Abstract 32 | pdf Downloads 28

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