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Shahanwaz Azam


Surgical Site Infections, Risk Factors, Tertiary Care Hospital, Comorbidities



The study aimed to assess the incidence of Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) and identify associated risk factors, including age, gender, BMI, geographical location, type of surgery, and comorbidities among subjects in a tertiary care hospital.



A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 120 subjects undergoing various surgical procedures. Data were collected using structured questionnaires, and SSIs were assessed based on clinical signs and surgeon diagnosis. Incidence rates for various risk factors were calculated.



The overall incidence of SSIs was 33.68%. Higher SSI rates were observed in subjects aged 60 and above (33.33%), males (26.15%), and those with a BMI categorized as obese (34.78%). Urban residents had a higher incidence (29.03%) than rural residents (20.68%). Emergency surgeries had a higher SSI rate (30.15%) than Elective surgeries (19.29%). Comorbidities like obesity (44.44%), diabetes (57.14%), and anaemia (37.50%) also showed higher SSI rates.



The study identified multiple risk factors associated with SSIs, including older age, male gender, higher BMI, urban residence, elective surgery, and specific comorbidities. Targeted interventions focusing on these risk factors could reduce the incidence of SSIs.

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