THE IMPACT OF A SUPERVISED BRACE (BALANCE, RESISTANCE, AEROBIC, COGNITIVE EXERCISES) PROTOCOL ON THE MOBILITY OF ELDERLY INDIVIDUALS AT RISK OF FALLING.

Main Article Content

Umm e Habiba
Maham Malik
Hanan Azfar
Aneeqa Gul
Sadia Waqas
Dr Arshad Nawaz Malik PhD
Rubia Anwer

Keywords

Balance training, Berg Balance score, Elderly, Fall risk, Mobility

Abstract

Background: In terms of morbidity and mortality fall is a major concern in older population. Decrease mobility and impaired balance are the main factors that increase prevalence of fall. Balance training along with strength and cognition training has good results in improvement of balance and mobility.


Objective: The purpose of the study was to determine and compare the effects of Supervised-BRACE (Balance, Resistance, Aerobic, Cognition Exercises) versus conventional therapy on functional balance, mobility and fall risk reduction in elderly individuals with moderate fall risk.


Methodology: The study design was Randomized Control Trial and conducted at District Head Quarter Hospital Chakwal from July-Dec 2018. 40 participants were recruited through purposive sampling with inclusion criteria of either gender of age (60-80) years with Berg Balance Score (20-40). Individuals having any neurological impairment, history of fall or fracture were excluded. Participants were divided into two groups through randomization. 12 weeks of supervised training were given to S-BRACE group, 3 days/week for 8 weeks & 2 days/week from 9 to 12 weeks. Unsupervised home plan included balance and resistance exercise was guided to conventional group. The tools used in this study were Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Timed Up and Go test (TUG), Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC), Elderly Mobility Scale (EMS) and Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB). The data was collected at baseline after 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks.


Results: The mean age of participants in S-BRACE and control group was 67.17±5.98 and 66.63±5.30 years respectively and 68% (n=23) were male whereas 32% (n=11) were female. The within group analysis showed that there was significant difference from baseline to 12 weeks in both groups (p< 0.01). Between group analysis showed that there was significant improvement on BBS, TUG, ABC, EMS and FAB after 12weeks (p<0.01) in S-BRACE group as compared to conventional group. Both groups showed similar improvement on MoCA (P<0.05).


Conclusion:  It is concluded that supervised balance training has better outcome in mobility and reduction in fall risk as compared to home based training. Cognitive improvement was observed in both groups.

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