MATERIAL AND FETAL OUTCOMES ASSOCIATED WITH ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Main Article Content

Dr Faraz bakht
Dr Palwasha Kaleemullah Kakar
Dr Aliya Gul Muhammad Khan
Dr Sumera Khan
Khushboo Chandio

Keywords

Assisted Reproductive Technologies, maternal outcomes, fetal outcomes, retrospective study, pregnancy complications, neonatal outcomes, preterm birth, gestational diabetes, hypertensive disorders, congenital anomalies

Abstract

Background: Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) have revolutionized field of infertility treatment, providing hope to uncountable couples struggling with reproductive issues. However, impact of ART on maternal and fetal results remains the subject of ongoing research and debate. This retrospective study aims to shed light on the material and fetal outcomes associated with ART, providing valuable insights for both patients and healthcare professionals.


Aim: The primary goal of our current retrospective research is to analyze and associate the maternal and fetal results of pregnancies conceived through helped reproductive technologies with those conceived naturally. By investigating a diverse cohort of patients, we seek to determine whether ART has any significant effects on maternal health, pregnancy complications, and fetal well-being.


Methods: Data for this study were collected from medical records of women who conceived through ART and those who conceived naturally within a specified time frame. A comprehensive analysis was performed, encompassing variables such as maternal age, gestational diabetes, hypertensive disorders, gestational age at birth, and neonatal outcomes. Statistical methods, including regression analysis, were employed to assess the impact of ART on the variables of interest.


Results: The analysis revealed that pregnancies resulting from assisted reproductive technologies had a higher prevalence of maternal complications, just like gestational diabetes and hypertensive disorders, compared to naturally conceived pregnancies. Additionally, ART pregnancies were related through the slightly increased danger of preterm birth. Though, here was no substantial alteration in neonatal results, just like birth weight, Apgar scores, and congenital anomalies, between the two groups.


Conclusion: This retrospective study provides evidence that pregnancies conceived through assisted reproductive technologies are related through an elevated danger of maternal complications, particularly gestational diabetes and hypertensive disorders. Although danger of preterm birth is slightly increased in ART pregnancies, neonatal results do not vary provocatively from those of naturally conceived pregnancies. Those results highlight the status of close monitoring and early intervention for maternal complications in ART pregnancies. Patients and healthcare providers should be aware of these potential risks when considering ART as a treatment option.

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